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八阵图究竟是不是诸葛亮的独创发明的

发布时间:2019-07-09 10:28编辑:文学专栏浏览(77)

      功盖三分国,名成八阵图。这是唐朝诗人杜甫称赞诸葛亮的两句诗。但凡看过《三国演义》,没有人不知道大名鼎鼎的蜀汉丞相诸葛亮,曾经发明过一种变化莫测、 威力无穷、令魏军闻风丧胆的八阵图。正是凭借这八阵图在军事上的独特优势,诸葛亮才得以统帅弱蜀有限的军事力量,屡次向强大的魏国发起进攻。那么八阵图究竟是不是诸葛亮的独创发明、他和老祖宗发明的八阵有什么区别?早在诸葛亮之前的两汉时期西汉和东汉,“八阵”这个词汇已经有相应的阵法早已经出现了。当时西汉朝廷的重要制度有一项,就是每一年的十月份,秋高气爽,朝廷要在京城长安举行大阅兵。大阅兵的参加者是京城禁卫军五大营的将士。这五大营的将士摆出来的阅兵阵型是史书上明明白白写着的“八阵进退”。意思就是说摆成八阵前进、后退,做军事表演。可见西汉时期已经有了八阵这个词汇。再说东汉有个著名史学家叫班固,他写了一部著名的正史叫《汉书》,里面写着东汉朝廷出兵,讨伐北方匈奴,用的阵型就是八阵。“勒以八阵,莅以威神”,就是说,摆出八阵的阵型,显示出神奇的威风。因此,这样看起来在东汉和西汉都有八阵这个词汇。可见“八阵”,单就这个词汇以及这个词汇所表达的阵型来看,发明权、著作权、版权、以及知识产权不属于诸葛亮。但是诸葛亮的八阵图不是照老祖宗的原样照搬,而是在老祖宗的基础上做了推广和演变,从而有了自己的更新,推出了自己的新版八阵图,配上了直观易懂的图形。诸葛亮的八阵图有两大特点:1因为配了图,所以它不叫“八阵”叫“八阵图”。因为古代当兵的大多是底层的、来自农村的子弟,文化浅,吃粮当兵是一条生路。如果只有文字叙述,阵法再神奇他们懂不了,看不懂就没法儿进行训练。配上了直观的图形照这个图形站队排队,演练就好办了。所以他的八阵图实际上就是图说八阵。2,诸葛亮的八阵图完全是从实战出发,有实战功能的。在内涵上和此前的八阵是大不一样。八阵图是诸葛亮创设的一种阵法。相传诸葛亮御敌时以乱石堆成石阵,按遁甲分成「生、伤、休、杜、景、死、惊、开」八门,变化万端,可挡十万精兵。诸葛亮创制的“八阵图”吸收了井田和道家八卦的排列组合,兼容了天文地理,是古代不可多得的作战阵法。

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